(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

498
THE IRON INDUSTRY.
1,100,000 tons. This imported ore is put into acid steel, while most of the native ore goes into basic steel or wrO'tight-iron, or into the general -pig-iron supply.
The distances through which material is carried are 'small in comparison with those in America. From the Scotch iron works south of Glasgow to the coal mines of South Wales is less than three hundred miles in a straight line, while across the island from the works at Barrow to the coke fields of Durham is only 111 miles by railroad. On this account, the works in England have arranged themselves not so much with relation to their raw material as to a market for their output. Cardiff and Glasgow bring ore across the sea to their coal beds, while Middlesbrough brings the fuel to the ore, and Barrow pays freight on a part of both fuel and
TABLE XXIII-B. Output of Coal, Ore, Iron and Steel in Great Britain in 1903.
District.	Coal; Tons.	Ore; Tons.	Piglron; Tons.	Blast Furnaces		Wrought Iron; Tons.
				Total.	Active.	
North Yorkshire (Cleveland). Durham, and Northumberland Scotland (Ayr and Lanark).. . South. Wales	3,645 35,873,293 21,376,129 41,453,754 28,527,958 26,725,237 13,037,553 3,184,136 14,097,75(1 23,851,048 22,204,966	5,677,560 13,468 546,893 39,167 46,375 1,490,549 738,549 "4,479,578 20 683,486	2,067,163 1,040,887 1,290,790 883,227 298,406 1,485,785 585,330 *50,000 639,750 546,947 46,778	75 39 97 57 24 76 65 5 45 51 21	52 29 84 20 15 39 31 3 28 38 10	119,087
						196,078
South Yorkshire (Sheffield) . . . West Coast .....................						124,341 132,588 305,819
Staffordshire ................						
North Wales ................... Eastern Central District ...... Derby and Nottingham .......						
						
						34,113 38,367
Other districts ................						
Total .......................						
	230,334,469	13,715,645	8,935,063	555	349	950,393
						
*Estimated.
Production of Steel; tons.
District.	Bessemer.		Open Hearth.		Total of Bessemer and Open Hearth.
	Acid.	Basic.	Acid.	Basic.	
North Yorkshire (Cleveland). Scotland ......................	24,668	336,859	755,044 865,953 650,993 156,474 125,136 59,674	139,784 38,897	1,256,355 904,850 1,051,888 548,112 815,413 392,737 64,746 5,034,101
South Wales ......... . ......... South Yorkshire (Sheffield) . . West Coast ............ . ........	400,895 239,279 652,073	"" 8^279"			
				68,080 38,204 161,098 64,746	
Staffordshire ..... . .............		*171,965			
North Wales ...................					
Total .......................	1,316,915	593,103	2,613,274	510,809	
					
: Including Scotland.